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Cultural Competence of Social service and Health
What “cultural competence”?
Culture – aspect of identity which all of us it is had. The culture is based in a number of things with which divide with others, such as the language, the divided history, beliefs, relations, celebratings, musical taste, a dress, a diet and many other things. Culture basically about understanding which divide, with others of the same culture. Cultures any are not the lowest or above – they only are various.
In public health services and social service, there was a change last years to ‘ cultural competence ‘ as key aspect of all professional practice. The idea of the workers who are ‘ competent ‘ in work with others from various cultures, is step on were ‘ sensitive ‘ to requirements of other people. Concept that professionals should be competent of work with distinction and culture being simple ‘ sensitive ‘ about it, has received force last years. The term cultural competence therefore has substantially replaced the term cultural sensitivity in work in sphere of social problems and public health services.
If workers have to be noticed as cultural competent they should be able clearly formulate, what cultural competence. On the contrary, the concept of competence means that those who does not hold sufficient knowledge and understanding about a role of culture of people, by definition ‘ are incompetent ‘ at their work if they cannot work in the effective way to satisfy various requirements of people.
There is a long constant representation that competence is made of knowledge, values and skills (for example: Maclean and 2009 Caffrey).
On our representation, cultural competent practice involves:
1. Knowledge and understanding:
your own culture
you have any bias of culture
concept of culture and as it can mention belief and behaviour
certain cultural knowledge
2. A range of values and relations, including the obligation:
an estimation and distinction celebrating
respect of individuality and a role which the culture plays it
3. And a range of skills, including:
cultural competent communications
cultural competent estimation
cultural sensitive condition of care
It is important to recognise that culture – aspect of the person of the person. It not them ‘ whole ‘ identity, and it does not operate as the foreteller of how the person will behave also to that they will trust. All will choose, they ‘ will have what aspects of their national-cultural specificity ‘ and which they will not be. Also, each person will have a unique approach to their culture – reduction to complexity of ways with which the culture will mention separate requirements of people and preference.
Cultural Competence and Itself Understanding for workers in Public health services and Social service
If workers in social and public health services have to be cultural competent, they should develop some key skills and knowledge for effective practice. To appreciate various cultures to which people communicate completely and to generate effective labour relations with users of service and nurses, it is important to understand a variety is within an everyday life.
Within all cultures and religious groups there practically, and it is important to understand wide change that severity and observance degrees are individually defined. Cultural competent workers will appreciate that culture, is not monolithic, and it will be dangerous to render the services based on stereotypic concepts, for example, “Jew”, “Hindu”, or “Moslem”. Some people who were born in religious community, probably, do not believe that themselves members of that community. For other their religion, traditions and rituals can be important, but they, probably, do not observe, say, strict dietary requirements. Therefore, it is important to allow to define to people own culture and religion.
The way with which representations of the person directly and their identity will be mentioned by their culture and their religion, but it can change between various groups and according to separate personal preference. A way we live, our lives are mentioned by environment in which all of us we live.
If we recognise that cultures are not better or worse the friend than the friend, but only are various, we should be clear that some of ideas and ‘ trues ‘ which we bring to our work, are independently cultural introduced. As workers in social and public health services at us also are our own culture, and as people in a society and as employees of the organisations and members of commands who have cultures. Cultural competent practice involves understanding of values which we bring to our work, and to difficult understanding of, how oppression, stereotipirovanie cultures of other people and a bias work to put others in unprofitable position. The competent expert in a condition to understand these concepts, to see, how they concern the methods, and reflect over their own values and ‘ trues ‘ and on their cultures own and about other people.
Robinson (2007: 169) states:
“etic addresses to the universal truth or a principle whereas emic addresses to trues which are certain culture.”
People who work with others, should have some understanding of the fact, what not all trues with which we grew, are etics to appreciate influence which our own culture and education have rendered on our beliefs about the world. We cannot work effectively with other people, at which is various emics to our own, if we insist that all them ‘ trues ‘ (that is: their beliefs, value, aspiration and t.d), there should be the same as ours.